I hadn’t realized that it was the 25th anniversary of Pretty Woman, directed by Garry Marshall and starring Richard Gere and Julia Roberts. I had seen it mentioned a couple of places, so I just watched it again, and then I found these two excellent exegeses of the movie, one on plot and one on the use of fashion. It always surprises me at how little is left to chance in a big-budget movie: everything is a carefully considered decision. The articles are recommended:
Not so good a shave, though the aftershave is surprisingly good—it has a very interesting note in the fragrance.
The Kent BK4 is a terrific brush. My error was in forgetting how very thirsty i Coloniali’s soap is. I should have added some driblets of water as I loaded the brush. Thus the lather was somewhat subpar, but totally my own fault.
Then the Walbusch vintage plastic slant, normally superb, had a blade that, after finishing the first pass, just seemed too dull. So I removed it (a Personna Lab Blue) and replaced it with a Gillette 7 O’Clock SharpEdge. Whether my error, the dull blade, the new blade, or the contrast, I managed to get two nicks. Neither was serious, but this is normally a nick-free razor. Again, I chalk it up to operator error, and I am thankful that I have My Nik Is Sealed on hand: great stuff and highly effective.
A splash of the aftershave which I discovered lurking at the back of one of the lower shelves, so it’s not been used for a while, and I did like it for the interesting fragrance. I’ll probably be using it more often.
Still, I look forward even more to tomorrow’s shave. Learning through experience is what it’s all about.
Lately I’ve been enjoying of an evening a Bourbon Manhattan on the rocks (a true Manhattan uses rye and is served straight up), using Bullett Bourbon, Fee Brothers Peach Bitters, and Dolin sweet vermouth. The peach bitters are noticeable and excellent. Fee Brothers have quite an assortment of bitters:
- Aztec Chocolate Bitters
- Black Walnut Bitters
- Celery Bitters
- Cherry Bitters
- Cranberry Bitters
- Gin Barrel-Aged Orange Bitters
- Grapefruit Bitters
- Lemon Bitters
- Mint Bitters
- Old Fashion[ed – LG] Aromatic Bitters
- Peach Bitters
- Plum Bitters
- Rhubarb Bitters
- West Indian Orange Bitters
- Whiskey Barrel-Aged Bitters
I will warn you that the Lemon Bitters will attack the plastic dropper cap and make it come off, so a “dash” becomes “half the bottle.” Be careful.
Amazon, for the adventurous, offers the complete set. They’re also good in lemonade, gin and tonic, highballs, and other drinks, as well as on fruit salads, etc.
The list above fails to include Boker’s style Cardamom Bitters, an essential ingredient for many Pre-Prohibition vintage cocktails. And, of course, I’m not even mentioning Berg & Hauck’s Bitters, though they, too, are available from Amazon. And of course you can find Scrappy’s Bitters… and many more. Bitters constitute a little world of their own.
James Fallows has had more responses on the crash:
Following this initial item on what could, and could not have been foreseen about the Germanwings murder/suicide, and this followup in which professional pilots talked about shortcuts in modern training systems, more response from aviators and others:
1) “If you had a mental issue, there’s only one drug the FAA would allow you to take. That drug is alcohol.” From a professional pilot:
Add me to the extensive list of pilots you’ve heard from, regarding the Germanwings tragedy. I agree with the people saying we only can blame ourselves, wanting cheap airfare and safe airlines, all while paying pilots nothing. I personally have avoided working for the airlines, having figured out that the charter and medical flying seems to have a better quality of life, better pay over the life of the career, and more job security…
When it comes to prevention of accidents like this, I honestly don’t know what can be done. I don’t believe having two people in the cockpit at all times would have prevented this specific instance; the guy was willing to take a lot of lives with him, what would the flight attendant standing in the doorway have been able to do to prevent that?
Many of your writers have mentioned the new ATP rules… [JF: higher flight-time requirements before pilots can be considered for flight-officer jobs] but I don’t see a solution in arbitrary flight times and educational achievement. The European model, where pilots are hired and trained by the airline from the very beginning does seem more sustainable in my opinion, compared to the US model where pilots end up in excess of $100,000 in debt before they can even think of getting a job.
The person who pointed out the adversarial process of the FAA medical hit the issue right in the nose. Until recently, depression alone was enough to keep you out of the cockpit, stabilized treatment regimes and doctors letters be damned.
To put it bluntly, if you had a mental issue that could be helped with medication, the FAA would allow you to take one drug that didn’t require reporting and documentation. That drug is alcohol.
2) On the tensions built into the medical-examination system. Another reader:
One pilot quoted in your piece wrote:
“The system gives pilots an incentive to cheat themselves out of the best quality of care. Any arrangement that promotes an adversarial relationship between doctor and patient compromises medicine.”
I fail to see how the relationship between doctors and pilots can be inherently anything other than adversarial. There is no upside for the pilot when a pilot currently holding a health certificate sees a doctor. The best result for the pilot is the continuation of the status quo. The worst result is the suspension or ending of his career.
I hope most pilots would face this periodic career peril with a moral sense of duty to passengers and therefore will be honest and forthright in any medical exam and would promptly disclose to their employers any relevant medical condition. However human nature shows us that a meaningful percentage of pilots will conceal medical conditions or at least be very strategic in how the are examined (choosing a physician known to be lenient, seeking private diagnosis and treatment, etc.)
Thus it seems to me that the solution to this unique situation is not a more treatment-oriented system, which doesn’t address the conflict inherent in the situation. Rather, the solution is to recognize that pilots are unique in that they must be highly skilled and physically and mentally healthy, while being entrusted daily with hundreds of lives. Thus pilots should be required to give up their medical privacy to the degree necessary to ensure that all relevant medical facts are available to regulators and to their employers.
3) On the alcohol issue. From a doctor: . . .
Continue reading. Very thought provoking. A letter from later in the column:
It is implicit in your argument about airline cost-cutting (although it wasn’t explicitly stated) that flight crew pay must also be an indirect factor. The Colgan Air flight 3407 crash in Buffalo in 2009 is a case in point. The co-pilot had an annual salary of $16,200.
Tim Cook got a pay package worth $378 million to run Apple; if your iPhone doesn’t work, you send it back. But in some cases with commuter airlines, your life is literally in the hands of an overworked and undertrained flight crew member who makes McDonald’s wages.
A great illustration, à la Milton Friedman, of how the free market infallibly puts the right monetary value on services (snark).
Gary Wills is a thoughtful and good writer. His essay in the NY Review of Books:
At a recent I talk I gave about Pope Francis, a man asked me, “Why do more non-Catholics like the pope than Catholics do?” He was wrong, of course. A Pew poll two months ago found that 90 percent of Catholics like what the pope is doing—and the number is even higher (95 percent) among the most observant, Mass-attending Catholics. The percentage of non-Catholics who view the pope favorably does not get above the 70s.
Yet the question was understandable. There is a perception of great resistance to the pope in his own church. This is largely the product of noise. Extremists get more press coverage than blander types, and some Catholic bloggers have suggested that the pope is not truly Catholic. They are right to be in a panic. They are not used to having a pope who is a Christian. They call Francis a radical because he deplores the sequestration of great wealth for a rich few and deprivation of the many poor. But Francis is a moderate. Jesus was the radical: “How hard it will be for the wealthy man to enter the kingdom of God….It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for the rich man to enter the kingdom of God.” (Mark 10:23,26). In the Gospel of Luke (16:19-31), when the rich man (Dives) calls for succor from hell, Abraham, holding the poor man (Lazarus) in his bosom, answers: “All the good things fell to you while you were alive, and all the bad to Lazarus; now he has his consolation here, and it is you who are in agony.”
Some right wing Catholics would haul Dives up and enshrine him in the one percent of rich men who trickle wealth down on the rest of us. They are also descendants of those Pharisees who tried to keep people away from Jesus because “This fellow welcomes sinners and eats with them” (Luke 15:1-2). The modern Pharisees try to refuse the Eucharist to politicians who do not meet their doctrinal tests. Pope Francis’s response to this patrolling of the communion line is in his major statement so far, The Joy of the Gospel (No. 47):
The Eucharist, although it is the fullness of sacramental life, is not a prize for the perfect, but a powerful medicine and nourishment for the weak.
Which position would Jesus agree with? We find the answer in the Gospel of Mark (1:17), where Jesus says:
It is not the healthy that need a doctor, but the sick; I did not come to invite virtuous people, but sinners.
Pope Francis describes the church as a ministry to wounded people:
I see the church as a field hospital after battle. It is useless to ask a seriously injured person if he has high cholesterol and about the level of his blood sugars. You have to heal the wounds. Then we can talk about everything else. Heal the wounds.
Some “traditional” Catholics also see the church as a battlefield; but they go out after battle to shoot the wounded. They are typified by hierarchs like Cardinal Raymond Burke, who says Catholics who remarry outside the church are like murderers, living defiantly in public sin. Or like Cardinal Salvatore Cordileone, who issued a guide for teachers in the Catholic schools of San Francisco, requiring them to oppose—in the classroom and in their private lives—abortion, contraception, artificial insemination, same sex marriage, adultery, fornication, masturbation, and pornography. He also installed a water system in the overhang at Saint Mary’s Cathedral to soak homeless people who were trying to sleep there. Every hour or half hour, for 75 seconds, the pipes would gush down on those below and flush them away like human refuse.
Contrast that with the reaction of Pope Francis when he found that homeless people were sleeping at the entrance to the Vatican piazza. . .
In a discussion on Wicked_Edge, Western Razors was asking about possible innovations for a new DE razor—and the obvious thing is to make innovations for a three-piece razor, since those are most common because they easier and cheaper to manufacture than (say) adjustable razors. So I offered a couple of ideas.
First, make a sturdier cap. Most mid-range razors nowadays are made of a plated zinc alloy, typically Zamak, usually plated with chrome (rather than nickel or gold like the brass razors of yesteryear). Chrome-plated Zamak razors fall short of plated brass razors in three ways. First, if the chrome plating is breached, Zamak corrodes rapidly in the presence of water, whereas in the old Gillette nickel- or gold-plated brass razors, wearing through the plating (“brassing”) was more a cosmetic issue than destructive of the razor.Indeed, I assume that chrome is used for Zamak razors because it doesn’t wear so easily as nickel or gold: Zamak must not be exposed or the razor dies.
Zamak has a second flaw: it is much more brittle than brass. Thus a dropped Zamak razor is much more apt to break (usually the cap’s threaded stud breaking off in the handle) than a brass razor, which would bend rather than break—and probably could be bent back into shape.
And Zamak even has a third problem: if you slightly overtighten the handle on a Zamak razor when you put in a new blade, the threaded stud’s attachment to the cap is weakened, and eventually the stud simply parts from the cap when you tighten the handle. When that happens it feels as though no real stress is put on the stud, but the continued overtightening has weakened the joint so that when it eventually fails it simply comes apart easily. Zamak is not only more brittle than brass but also lacks the tensile strength of brass.
One change that would solve all three problems would be to make the razor’s cap of plated brass or even stainless steel instead of Zamak. Baseplates are subject to much stress or wear (the wear is on the threads) and so they could still be made of plated Zamak. The breakage problems all seem to be the cap and in particular the breaking off of the cap’s threaded stud.
A second idea is to build some resonance into the razor’s head—some sort of mini-soundbox that will amplify the cutting sound. I think that would have a lot of appeal—and it’s something a cartridge razor cannot offer, so it would be exclusive to the DE razor (as, indeed, are things like adjustable razors and slants).
The Merkur Futur, Vision, and Progress have some degree of amplification of the cutting sound, but it seems to be by accident rather than design. With some thought and CAD work (perhaps with the help of a luthier) it might be possible to design a razor head so that you can easily hear the cutting sound, a sound a shaver listens for in any case since it helps him find the right blade angle and is also pleasant in a contemplative way. So it would have both a practical use (making the angle easier to find) and also would be intriguing. And it requires no moving parts, just some clever design.
I know: it’s odd. But no odder than designing buildings to remove the shadows between them, like this . And it might be patentable.
You might be able to use 3-D printing to create test prototypes, in which case you can readily and easily iterate design ideas: rapid prototyping. While 3-D printed razors are not be sturdy enough for real use, you could shave enough with one to see how well it does at amplifying the cutting sound. Then, after you get the design worked out, you could try machining one (maybe there’s a conversion program to take 3-D printing files and convert them to CNC files), or make a mold, though I think making a mold is expensive.
Nowadays you can buy 3-D printers at relatively low cost, and razors are relatively small are thus a suitable size for inexpensive 3-D printers.
Just a couple of ideas. Ideas are easy; implementation is difficult.