Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

The Great British Diagram

with 5 comments

This is handy knowledge:

UK

The Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom are the only two sovereign states in this image. They are shown in red. Ireland and Great Britain are both islands and are shown in green. England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are constituent countries of the United Kingdom and are shown in orange.

You have the basic idea. There are many other islands in the British Isles which are not shown here. Most of these are politically part of England, Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland or the Republic of Ireland, with the exceptions of the Isle of Man and the Channel Islands, which are British crown dependencies and not part of the UK (or ROI) at all.

Complications
The UK’s full name is “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”. Citizens of the UK are called “British”. One British person is called a Briton.

The ROI’s full name is “The Republic of Ireland” (if you are speaking English) or “Éire” (if you are speaking Irish). Citizens of the ROI are called “Irish”.

Irish citizens are not British citizens. British citizens are not Irish citizens. God help you if you forget this when you encounter an Irishman.

Ethnically:

  • People from England are called English.
  • People from Scotland are called Scottish.
  • People from Wales are called Welsh.
  • People from Northern Ireland are called Northern Irish.
  • People from Ireland are called Irish.

There is no such thing as English, Scottish, Welsh or Northern Irish citizenship. The majority of English, Scottish, Welsh and Northern Irish people hold British citizenships, but anybody, of any ethnicity, living anywhere in the British Isles, can hold any citizenship, or even dual citizenship.

Many people living in Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK) are Irish citizens. Some British citizens living in Northern Ireland (which is part of the UK) classify themselves as Irish-ethnic. Some people living in Northern Ireland would even like Northern Ireland itself classified as Irish i.e. made part of the ROI instead of the UK. This last group can be troublesome.

The ROI is not British. However, the “British Isles” include both the UK and ROI. Irish citizens and Irish-ethnic people hate this, but there is no consensus on what to call it instead. (May I humbly suggest “The British and Irish Isles”?)

England, Wales, Scotland, Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland frequently field separate teams in such sports as rugby, football (i.e. the World Cup), cricket and so on. Meanwhile, the Irish international rugby team is comprised of players chosen from both the ROI and Northern Ireland. This is largely because our various nations have been playing rugby, football and cricket for centuries, whereas the current political arrangement of the British Isles was only established in 1920.

Lastly, to be pedantic, this is actually an Euler diagram, not a Venn diagram.

Written by LeisureGuy

5 February 2008 at 10:40 am

Posted in Daily life, Government

5 Responses

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  1. Not that I really know, but I’m a little dubious about the idea of “Northern Irish” as an ethnicity… I suspect that most of the inhabitants would describe their ethnicity as either Irish or English, just as most Americans wouldn’t say their ethnicity is American (it’s our nationality).

    Ethan

    5 February 2008 at 11:42 am

  2. “Not that I really know, but I’m a little dubious about the idea of “Northern Irish” as an ethnicity… I suspect that most of the inhabitants would describe their ethnicity as either Irish or English, just as most Americans wouldn’t say their ethnicity is American (it’s our nationality).”

    Why are you dubious about Northern Irish as an ethnicity? The only people in NI that state they are English are those born in England. I am not English or Irish – I am Northern Irish.

    rollocking rollo

    6 February 2008 at 11:06 am

  3. What would you say is the distinction between nationality and ethnicity, then?

    Ethan

    11 February 2008 at 8:59 am

  4. This URL has been used for a NEWSPRINT question. Its a great help for us kids! Hi everyone doing question 9!

    Sarah_Jane says hi!

    25 February 2008 at 7:18 pm

  5. OMG! I am, and this is soooo helpful.

    School kid!

    25 February 2008 at 7:25 pm


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