Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Interesting graph on trend of attitudes toward marijuana legalization

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Kevin Drum has a post with an interesting graph:

blog_gallup_marijuana_legal_2013_october

Drum notes:

Today, for the first time ever, Gallup reports that a solid majority of Americans are in favor of legalizing marijuana.I’ve drawn my own chart of Gallup’s data because I think their chart doesn’t really give a good sense of just how quickly public opinion on this is changing.

I have a rule of thumb that favorability ratings need to reach about 65 percent before you hit a tipping point where a major social change starts getting codified into law nationwide. There’s nothing magic about this threshold. It’s just a general sense based on previous issues similar to this. And as you can see, public opinion isn’t merely rising on marijuana legalization, it’s accelerating. The rate of increase has gone from about 0.5 points per year in the 90s to 1.5 points in the aughts to 4 points so far in the teens. If this keeps up, we’ll pass the 65 percent threshold by 2016 or so.

There’s a lot of noise in polls like this, and we might see a bit of regression to the mean in the next few years. And Mark Kleiman offers a few other cautionary notes here. So 2016 is hardly a sure thing. But 2020? That seems like a pretty safe bet in most of the country. By coincidence, this was my horseback guess when I wrote about marijuana back in 2009, and it looks like I don’t have any good reason to change my mind on that.

In the meantime, the Obama DoJ is still doing its best to send to prison those operating medical marijuana dispensaries that are legal under state law, despite repeated assurances from Obama and Holder that this would not happen. The latest target is a medical marijuana provider in Oakland CA, as reported by Nicole Flatow:

A novel legal challenge by the city of Oakland, Calif. has spared the nation’s largest medical marijuana dispensary from shutdown for likely at least another year. A federal judge ruled last week that the Department of Justice could not proceed with its action to evict Harborside Health Center and seize its assets until Oakland completed its appeal of a lawsuit against the DOJ challenging the crackdown.

Oakland escalated the local-federal showdown over marijuana last fall when itfiled the first lawsuit by a jurisdiction to challenge federal crackdowns on dispensaries that are complying with state and local laws. The federal trial judge rejected the challenge, holding that the city did not have standing to challenge the action. But U.S. Magistrate Judge Maria-Elena James ruled last week that Oakland had presented a novel legal challenge that a federal appeals panel might interpret differently, and that Oakland should therefore have the opportunity to make this argument before it is mooted by Department of Justice action. Lawyers have estimated the appeal will take at least a year.

Harborside Health Center, which has locations in Oakland and San Jose, Calif. and more than 100 employees, has held itself out as a model for legal, regulated medical marijuana distribution, and has been praised by Oakland officials as providing “access to safe, affordable and effective medicine.” It is also a major source of tax revenue for the city, and is expected to generate $1.4 million in city sales tax this year. The dispensary has thus far beat back several shutdown attempts, and Oakland argued in its latest legal filing that the dispensary’s shutdown would precipitate a “’a public safety crisis it’s not yet equipped to meet,’ by forcing tens of thousands of patients who are served by medical cannabis dispensaries to either forgo their medicine or turn to illegal markets to obtain it, thereby endangering their health and safety and further straining the limited resources of the Oakland Police Department.”

But in spite of resounding calls for the federal government to step back its sometimes-aggressive actions against state-compliant dispensaries, the federal government retains constitutional supremacy over federal drug law. So Oakland can only succeed if a court is persuaded by its case-specific arguments that the Department of Justice exceeded its authority by missing time limits for following suit, and acting contrary to earlier statements and actions that indicated it would not crack down on state-compliant distributors. After two states passed ballot initiatives to legalize recreational marijuana, President Obama made similar statements that he has “bigger fish to fry” than “going after recreational users” in states that have legalized their conduct. Butrenewed medical marijuana crackdowns suggest the federal government is continuing to make a policy distinction between users of marijuana and distributors.

Last week, Berkeley became the second city to file a legal challenge against federal crackdowns, intervening in a similar action to seize the assets of that city’s largest medical marijuana dispensary.

Written by LeisureGuy

23 October 2013 at 9:13 am

Posted in Drug laws

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