Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Echoes of George Wallace’s “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever”

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Nikole Hannah-Jones has an article whose title reminds one of George Wallace, standing in the school doorway to prevent integration: “Hundreds of School Districts Have Been Ignoring Desegregation Orders for Decades”. The ProPublica article is reprinted in Pacific Standard and begins:

For decades, federal desegregation orders were the potent tool that broke the back of Jim Crow education in the South, helping transform the region’s educational systems into the most integrated in the country.

Federal judges, often facing down death threats and violence, blanketed Southern states with hundreds of court orders that set out specific plans and timetables to ensure the elimination of racial segregation. Federal agencies then aggressively used the authority of the courts to monitor hostile school systems, wielding the power of the 1964 Civil Rights Act to strip federal dollars from districts that refused to desegregate.

The pace of the change wrought by the federal courts was breathtaking. In 1963, about one percent of black children in the South attended school with white children. By the early 1970s, the South had been remade—fully 90 percent of black children attended desegregated schools. Court orders proved most successful in the South, but were also used in an attempt to combat de facto segregation in schools across the country, from New York to Michigan to Arizona.

Today, this once-powerful force is in considerable disarray.

A ProPublica examination shows that officials in scores of school districts do not know the status of their desegregation orders, have never read them, or erroneously believe that orders have been ended. In many cases, orders have gone unmonitored, sometimes for decades, by the federal agencies charged with enforcing them.

At the height of the country’s integration efforts, there were some 750 school districts across the country known to be under desegregation orders.

Today, court orders remain active in more than 300 districts. In some cases, that’s because judges have determined that schools have not met their mandate to eliminate all vestiges of segregation.

But some federal courts don’t even know how many desegregation orders still exist on their dockets. With increasing frequency, federal judges are releasing districts from court oversight even where segregation prevails, at times taking the lack of action in cases as evidence that the problems have been resolved.

Desegregation orders were meant to . . .

Continue reading.

The constant pressure to cut government funding and cripple government programs has had many bad consequences. This is one, and (I think) deliberately so on the part of the GOP.

Written by Leisureguy

4 May 2014 at 8:59 am

Posted in Education, GOP, Government, Law

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