Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Archive for August 11th, 2015

Pretty good jazz singing for an 8-year-old

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Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 8:40 pm

Posted in Jazz, Video

Upcoming cultural tsunami?

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I was reading an article today about the Indonesian Tsunami of 2004, and it described how the ocean withdrew, leaving the bottom exposed, and some people just watched the unusual phenomenon, straining to see where the water had gone in the distance, wandering out where water had been—then the realization of what was happening, the screams, the running: 230,000 people killed.

And I got to thinking all the weird things going on in our cultural world: the GOP presidential race, the immigration crisis, the increasingly obvious problems presented by police and prosecutorial immunity for misconduct, the intense surveillance (both foreign and domestic), the strong politicization of SCOTUS, the increasing dysfunction of Congress, the cyber-attacks and cyber-insecurity, the continuing insistence by the FBI and NSA and the Obama Administration that secure encryption be illegal (combined with increasing secrecy and opacity in the Federal government), the increasing criminality of Wall Street, the environmental devastation now on us from climate change, and also income inequality: look at this article where billionaires are quite openly worrying about what will happen if inequality continues to increase. The fact that they acknowledge it as a caste system from which it’s almost impossible to escape: that’s unusual.

All these things, plus others you can read about in your daily news, seems metaphorically sort of similar to the withdrawing of the ocean before the tsunami hits. What we see is a loosening of the ties of community and common interest. We are at a point where companies are willing to poison and kill their customers for profit (the Peanut Corporation of America case), where the Olsen twins, who own a billion-dollar fashion empire, can simply decide that they will not pay their employees, thus increasing profits. There’s not much feel that we’re in this together, so the groundwork is laid for some serious cultural tsunami, I would say. Once the conflagration begins, the things that would normally control it—sense of community and civic pride—have been destroyed. John D. MacDonald wrote an interesting book—not his usual mystery novel—about the ecology of the barrier islands, and how destroying the vegetation to facilitate development removed natural storm protections, leading to the total demolition of a skyscraper in a storm surge. We’ve culturally burned the vegetation that protected our society from storms. Condominium, that was its name.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 6:40 pm

Posted in Daily life

How Life and Luck Changed Earth’s Minerals

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Very interesting article in Quanta by Roberta Kwok:

Is evolution predictable, or was it heavily shaped by random events? Biologists have argued over this question for decades. Some have suggested that if we replayed the history of life on our planet, the resulting species would be different. Opponents counter that life is largely deterministic.

Recently, researchers have begun to ask the same questions about rocks. About 5,000 minerals — crystalline substances such as quartz, zircon and diamond — have been found on Earth. But minerals didn’t just appear all at once when the Earth formed. They materialized over time, each crystal arising in response to the conditions of the particular epoch in which it formed. Minerals evolved — in some cases, in response to life. And so geologists are left to ask: Are today’s minerals a predictable consequence of the planet’s chemical makeup? Or are they the result of chance events? What if we were to look out at the cosmos and spot another Earth-like planet — would we expect its gemstones to match ours, or would they shine with a luster never seen before?

Robert Hazen, a mineral physicist at the Carnegie Institution of Washington’s Geophysical Laboratory, and his colleagues are publishing a series of four papers this year that reveal broad insights into whether geology is a matter of fate. Minerals on Earth may indeed have been guided by some deterministic rules that could apply to other worlds as well, they found. But our planet is rife with extremely rare minerals, which suggests that chance occurrences also play a significant part.

In addition, if we found an Earth-like twin elsewhere in the universe, many common minerals would likely be the same — but that planet would probably also hold many minerals unlike any that exist here.

The findings aren’t just a matter of curiosity. Some minerals may have helped early organisms emerge. And understanding which minerals could have formed on Earth-like planets may help scientists better predict which worlds are likeliest to harbor life. Conversely, some minerals arise only in the presence of organisms. So finding patterns in Earth’s mineral distribution could help scientists identify a mineralogical signature for life, which they could then search for on other planets.

Time and Chance

Traditionally, mineralogy has been dominated by analyzing the structures and formation of individual minerals. But in a 2008 study in American Mineralogist, Hazen and his colleagues took a more historical view. The researchers assessed Earth’s known minerals and tried to figure out when the conditions were right for their formation. The team concluded that about two-thirds of Earth’s minerals would not have emerged until life was present.

For example, early microorganisms seeded the atmosphere with oxygen, which interacted with existing minerals to yield new ones. The so-called Great Oxygenation Event “was a huge game changer,” said Hazen. “You open the door to literally thousands of new minerals.”

Hazen and collaborators then set out to investigate the role that chance played in mineral formation. First, the researchers studied the relationship between mineral diversity and the abundance of individual elements in Earth’s crust. They found that the more abundant the element, the more minerals it formed, a relationship that was published last month in The Canadian Mineralogist. They then performed the same exercise with minerals from the moon. A similar relationship held, even though the number of known minerals there is much smaller. This common trend suggested an element of determinism: Given starting chemical conditions, one could predict, to a certain extent, which minerals would form.

The team did find outliers, however. For instance, . . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 6:19 pm

Meet ‘RaBBi-Q’ — Kansas City’s kosher BBQ star

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Very cute article by Victor Wishna in JTA:

Mendel Segal wears two particular titles that each reflect a devotion to tradition, imply an unending pursuit of precision and command immediate respect.

One is rabbi. The other is pitmaster.

The 33-year-old Orthodox rabbi (and follower of the late Lubavitcher rebbe) is readying to oversee the fourth annual Kansas City Kosher BBQ Festival on Sunday, an event that is expected to attract as many as 4,000 attendees.

Segal — known as “RaBBi-Q” to his fans and fellow competitors on the circuit — is a kosher barbecue champion in more ways than one, standing (and cooking) at the forefront of a rising movement within a distinctly American subculture.

“I just want to energize people,” Segal said from his home in the Kansas City suburb of Overland Park, Kansas. “Kosher can be fun.”

After a long, slow burn, kosher barbecue is catching fire: New restaurants and food trucks are popping up from Brooklyn to Los Angeles. Meanwhile, the number of kosher barbecue events across the country has tripled, from a handful to more than a dozen. Many credit Segal’s passion and leadership as a major spark.

“Mendel’s been instrumental in changing kosher barbecue everywhere you can see,” said Mordechai Striks, a New York City psychologist and paramedic who took home the all-around title at last year’s Southern New England Kosher BBQ Championship. “He’s involved in every competition. People look to him because he runs a damn tight ship and he does it right.”

In the few years since he dived whole hog — well, minus the hog — into the national scene, Segal has racked up wins in kosher contests as well as on the mainstream barbecue circuit. In the latter he is seen as a worthy competitor and not just a curiosity — long, bristly beards aren’t so uncommon among barbecue buffs, though the tzitzit, or ritual fringes, worn by observant Jewish men under their clothes sometimes raise eyebrows. This summer he launched his own line of Mendel’s Kansas City BBQ Sauce and BBQ Rub (“Don’t worry, it’s kosher,” the packaging reassures), available in seven states.

“It happens that I’m obsessed with barbecue,” said Simon Majumdar, a Food Network regular who met Segal in 2012 while in Kansas City researching his book “Fed, White, and Blue: Finding America With My Fork.” “And what I say is that Mendel’s not making kosher barbecue — he’s making really, really terrific barbecue that happens to be kosher.” . . .

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Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 1:35 pm

Business, profit, anything: Mary-Kate And Ashley Olsen example

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Jessica Goldstein reports in ThinkProgress on how the Olsens pumped up profits: don’t pay employees:

Mary-Kate and Ashley Olsen’s fashion empire is worth an estimated $1 billion. Interns at the Olsens’ Dualstar Entertainment company are unpaid. And, as of Tuesday, they’re suing.

A class-action lawsuit filed in Manhattan Supreme Court alleges the Olsens failed to pay 40 past and present interns. Lead plantiff Shashista Lalani, a former design intern, told Page Sixabout her unpaid gig at the Olsens’ Dualstar Entertainment Group in 2012, where she worked under the head technical designer for The Row, the Olsen’s high-end fashion label, for five months.

“I was doing the work of three interns,” Lalani told Page Six.” I was talking to her all day, all night. E-mails at nighttime for the next day, like 10 p.m. at night.” She also says she worked 50-hour weeks and was hospitalized for dehydration. “You’re like an employee, except you’re not getting paid. They’re kind of mean to you. Other interns have cried.” (The Row did not return a request for comment.)

This is the latest in a string of unpaid intern lawsuits — against Conde Nast, Hearst, and Elite Model Management, to name a few — that claim these internships, long a staple of their respective industries, violate state and federal minimum wage laws.

The suits have a handful of key things in common: They’re all from the past five years or so. The defendants are famous corporations and/or individuals, which means the optics are not in favor of the well-heeled and wealthy companies or celebrities neglecting to scrape together pay for their interns.

The industries are in the sectors of media, entertainment, and fashion, where unpaid internships are traditionally considered a right of passage. There is something almost sweet in how sour it is — it’s not unlike the way some Greek organizations or athletic teams feel about hazing — that everyone will go through something objectively bearable-but-bad in order to ascend to true membership. A classic vision of the harried fashion intern persists, with her Devil Wears Prada boss, the samples piled high in the crook of her elbow, stack of Starbucks orders in one hand and a cell phone in the other.

“I think it’s reflective of the fact that advocates in this emerging intern rights movement are trying to identify, as a strategic mater, wealthy, high-visibility companies to bring these lawsuits at,” said David Yamada, a law professor at the University of Suffolk in Boston and founding director of the New Workplace Institute, by phone. “It really underscores the fact that a lot of these internships are, frankly, exploitative, and these are entities that could easily afford to pay interns minimum wage and for whatever reason, they’re not doing so.”

What sparked the explosion of the unpaid intern lawsuit? First, in April 2010, the Department of Labor released “Fact Sheet #71: Internship Programs Under The Fair Labor Standards Act,” a document specifying the requirements employers should meet in order to be exempt from paying minimum wage to interns.

In it, a six point “Test For Unpaid Interns” lists the criteria used to determine whether an internship is “for the [intern’s] own educational benefit.” Included on the list are vague guidelines such as “the internship experience is for the benefit of the intern,” “the employer that provides the training derives no immediate advantage from the activities of the intern,” and that “the intern does not displace regular employees.”

“Aren’t most interns at least performing entry level tasks that have to get done in the office?” Yamada said. “Even if somebody is ‘just getting copies’ or running errands, someone elsewould have to do that work if the intern wasn’t doing it.”

The Fact Sheet was met with pushback, notably from thirteen University presidents, including John Sexton of New York University and Mark G. Yudof of University of California,who wrote to the Department of Labor to fight back against these regulations. Plenty of corporations hire unpaid interns through colleges, which in turn award academic credit for the internship, absolving the employer of the obligation to pay interns. But colleges can, and often do, charge interns tuition for the privilege of getting credit for the internship. It is the inverse of the intern’s experience: Instead of doing all the work for no pay, universities do none of the work for all of the pay.

But the case that kicked off this wave of lawsuits belonged to . . .

Continue reading.

Anything—anything at all—to grow profits. And how callous a soul must one have to steal the wages of employees, creating de facto slaves—or at least suspiciously slave-like.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 12:47 pm

Interesting column on the degree to which speech is free—and why don’t groups have libel protection?

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Kelefa Sanneh has a very interesting article on Free Speech in the New Yorker. From the article:

. . . [O]ne of the most influential free-speech skeptics in America today is an immigrant. Jeremy Waldron is a law professor from New Zealand who teaches at New York University. In 2012, he published “The Harm in Hate Speech,” a powerful little book that seeks to dismantle familiar defenses of the right to indefensible speech. Waldron is unimpressed by the “liberal bravado” of free-speech advocates who say, “I hate what you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” In his view, the people who say this rarely feel threatened by the speech they say they hate. Unfettered political expression came to seem like a bedrock American value only in the twentieth century, when the government no longer feared radical pamphleteers.

This, in essence, was Justice Holmes’s rationale, in 1919, when he argued in an influential dissent that antiwar anarchists should be free to agitate. “Nobody can suppose that the surreptitious publishing of a silly leaflet by an unknown man, without more, would present any immediate danger,” he wrote. Free-speech advocates typically claim that the value of unfettered expression outweighs any harm it might cause, offering assurances that any such harm will be minimal. But what makes them so sure? America’s free-speech regime is shot through with exceptions, including civil (and, in some states, criminal) laws against libel. By what rationale do we insist that groups—races, communities of faith—don’t deserve similar protection? Waldron uses the term “hate speech” in a particular sense, to denote not speech that expresses hatred but speech likely to inspire it. If we want a society that recognizes the dignity of marginalized groups, he argues, then we should be willing to enact “laws that prohibit the mobilization of social forces to exclude them.” This would involve carving out an exception to the First Amendment. But there are plenty of exceptions already, and taken together they form a rough portrait of what we value and what we don’t. . .

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 12:39 pm

Documents Reveal the Fearmongering Local Cops Use to Score Military Gear From the Pentagon

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Molly Redden reports in Mother Jones:

Mother Jones obtained more than 450 police department requests for armored tactical vehicles from the Pentagon. Did your police force request one? Browse all of them here.

One year ago this week, hundreds of camouflaged officers in Ferguson, Missouri bore down on residents protesting the police shooting of an unarmed black teenager named Michael Brown.

Riot cops, their faces sometimes concealed by gas masks, fired off tear gas canisters, and as they stood on top of hulking, mine-resistant vehicles, they appeared to train their assault rifles on the crowds. On some nights, they greeted demonstrators with a storm of rubber bullets.

Images of this chaos provoked a furious debate over the billions of federal dollarsthat have helped local police forces amass combat style weapons, trucks, and armor. Sen. Claire McCaskill (D-Mo.), echoing concerns from across the political spectrum, fumed that “lawful, peaceful protesters did not deserve to be treated like enemy combatants.”

Law enforcement agencies responded by stoking old fears. No community, they argued, not even the smallest one, is safe from worst-case scenarios like mass shootings, hostage situations, or terrorist attacks. The use of this military equipment has resulted in “substantial positive impact on public safety and officer safety,” Jim Bueermann, the president of the Police Foundation, a research group, said in a 2014 Senate hearing on police militarization. He cited hostage situations, rescue missions, and heavy-duty shootouts where the vehicles had come in useful.

But in private, police justify these same programs in radically different ways.

Mother Jones obtained more than 450 local requests, filed over two years, for what may be the most iconic piece of equipment in the debate over militarizing local police: the mine resistant ambush protected vehicle, or MRAP.* And an analysis of these documents reveals that in justifying their requests, very few sheriffs and police chiefs cite active shooters, hostage situations, or terrorism, as police advocates do in public.

Instead, the single most common reason agencies requested a mine-resistant vehicle was to combat drugs. Fully a quarter of the 465 requests projected using the vehicles for drug enforcement. Almost half of all departments indicated that they sit within a region designated by the federal government as a High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area. (Nationwide, only 17 percent of counties are HIDTAs.) One out of six departments were prepared to use the vehicles to serve search or arrest warrants on individuals who had yet to be convicted of a crime. And more than half of the departments indicated they were willing to deploy armored vehicles in a broad range of Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) raids.

By contrast, out of the total 465 requests, only 8 percent mention the possibility of a barricaded gunman. For hostage situations, the number is 7 percent, for active shooters, 6 percent. Only a handful mentioned downed officers or the possibility of terrorism.

“This is a great example of how police as an institution talk to each other privately, versus how they talk to the public and journalists who might raise questions about what they’re doing with this equipment,” says Peter Kraska, a professor at Eastern Kentucky University who has studied police militarization for decades. When police are pressured in public, Kraska says, “They’re going to say, ‘How about Columbine?’ or point to all these extremely rare circumstances.”

The requests flowed to a massive Pentagon program—known as the 1033 program—that has given communities across the country a total of $5.6 billion in combat equipment left over from the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, including, a spokeswoman for the Pentagon said, 625 MRAPs. A 2014 NPR analysis found that the Pentagon has also doled out 80,000 assault rifles, 200 grenade launchers, and 12,000 bayonets. In 2012, the program began making MRAPs available. The vehicles weigh around 14 tons, and feature armored hulls and tiny, blast-proof windows. “Nothing short of a rocket-propelled grenade will trouble this powerhouse,” one manufacturer boasted.

The documents reveal that many departments are willing to bring a startling show of force to ordinary communities.

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 12:04 pm

NSA writer welcomes surveillance, except he doesn’t

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Talk about self-justification: a writer for NSA publishes a column (internal to NSA) about how he in fact welcomes surveillance and totally transparency of his private life because it makes everything simpler and easier to understand. This realization was, apparently, not in his mind elated to any sort of self-justification for his job: just an honest recognition that surveillance was good.

That feeling lasted exactly as long as he was not under surveillance and right up until he felt his privacy was invaded. Then his feelings suddenly changed: being under surveillance was not such a good thing, after all. Not if it was he who was the subject. Peter Maas has the grimly entertaining story at The Intercept:

“Are you the Socrates of the National Security Agency?”

That was the question the NSA asked its workforce in a memo soliciting applications for an in-house ethicist who would write a philosophically minded column about signals intelligence. The column, which would be posted on a classified network at the NSA, should be absorbing and original, the memo said, asking applicants to submit a sample to show they had what it takes to be the “Socrates of SIGINT.”

In 2012, the column was given to an analyst in the Signals Intelligence Directorate who wrote that initially he opposed the government watching everyone but came around to total surveillance after a polygraph exam did not go well. In a turn of events that was half-Sartre and half-Blade Runner, he explained that he was sure he failed the polygraph because the examiner did not know enough about his life to understand why at times the needle jumped.

“One of the many thoughts that continually went through my mind was that if I had to reveal part of my personal life to my employer, I’d really rather reveal all of it,” hewrote. “Partial revelation, such as the fact that answering question X made my pulse quicken, led to misunderstandings.”

He was fully aware of his statement’s implications.

“I found myself wishing that my life would be constantly and completely monitored,” he continued. “It might seem odd that a self-professed libertarian would wish an Orwellian dystopia on himself, but here was my rationale: If people knew a few things about me, I might seem suspicious. But if people knew everything about me, they’d see they had nothing to fear. This is the attitude I have brought to SIGINT work since then.”

When intelligence officials justify surveillance, they tend to use the stilted language of national security, and we typically hear only from senior officials who stick to their platitudes. It is rare for mid-level experts — the ones conducting the actual surveillance — to frankly explain what they do and why. And in this case, the candid confessions come from the NSA’s own surveillance philosopher. The columns answer a sociological curiosity: How does working at an intelligence agency turn a privacy hawk into a prophet of eavesdropping?

Not long after joining the NSA, Socrates was assigned a diplomatic target. He knew the saying by Henry Stimson that “gentlemen do not read each other’s mail,” and he felt uncomfortable doing the digital equivalent of it. As he wrote, “If there were any place in the world that idealism should rule and we should show voluntary restraint in our intelligence work, diplomacy was that place. Terrorists who meant harm to children and puppies were one thing, but civil servants talking about work while schlepping their kids to soccer practice seemed a little too close to home.”

His polygraph was an epiphany, however.

“We tend to mistrust what we do not understand well,” he noted. “A target that has no ill will to the U.S., but which is being monitored, needs better and more monitoring, not less. So if we’re in for a penny, we need to be in for a pound.”

I wanted to know more about Socrates, but one of the asymmetric oddities of the NSA is that the agency permits itself to know whatever it wants to know about any of us, yet does everything it can to prevent us from knowing anything about the men and women who surveil us, aside from a handful of senior officials who function as the agency’s public face. An NSA spokesperson refused to confirm that Socrates even worked there. “I don’t have anything to provide for your research,” the spokesperson wrote in an email.

The “SIGINT Philosopher” columns, provided to The Intercept by NSA whistleblower Edward Snowden, gave me the opportunity to learn more without the agency’s assistance, because they included his name. Heading down the path of collecting information about Socrates (whose name we are not publishing — more on that later), I was in the odd position of conducting surveillance on a proponent of surveillance, so I had a get-out-of-guilt-free card.

Unlike the paranoid eavesdropper played by Gene Hackman in The Conversation, or the quiet Stasi agent at the center of The Lives of Others, Socrates lives in the age of Google and data-mining. Like the rest of us, he cannot remain invisible. Socrates was an evangelical Christian for seven years, got married at 19, divorced at 27 and remarried not long after. He is now a registered Democrat and lives in a Maryland suburb with his son and wife, a public school teacher. I’ve seen the inside of their house, thanks to a real estate listing; the home, on a cul de sac, has four bedrooms, is more than 2,000 square feet, and has a nice wooden deck. I’ve also seen pictures of their son, because Socrates and his wife posted family snapshots on their Facebook accounts. His wife was on Twitter.

Conducting surveillance can be a creepily invasive procedure, as Socrates discovered while peering into the digital life of his first diplomatic target, and as I discovered while collecting information about him. In the abstract, surveillance might seem an antiseptic activity — just a matter of figuring out whether a valid security reason exists to surveil a target and then executing a computer command and letting the algorithms do the rest. But it’s not always that clinical. Sheelagh McNeill, the research editor with whom I worked on this story, was able to find Socrates’ phone number, and although he did not respond to voicemails, he eventually got on the line when I called at night. . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 10:31 am

A Massive Oil Pipeline Under the Great Lakes Is Way Past Its Expiration Date

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This situation is a perfect set-up for “no one could have known” statements once the damage is done. It’s odd that action to protect our environment is so difficult to achieve. Motherboard reports:

The Straits of Mackinac connect Lake Huron and Lake Michigan, and divide Michigan’s lower peninsula from its upper peninsula. But the gorgeous blue expanse of this part of the Great Lakes region is threatened by a danger lurking just beneath its surface: two degrading oil pipelines.

Motherboard correspondent Spencer Chumbley went to Michigan to investigate the situation, and the research is alarming. If just one of the pipelines ruptured, it would result in a spill of 1.5 million gallons of oil—and that’s if Enbridge, the company that owns them, is able to fix the pipeline immediately. UMich research scientist Dave Schwab says, “I can’t imagine another place in the Great Lakes where it’d be more devastating to have an oil spill.”

Enbridge, the company that runs the pipelines, insists they are safe. But Enbridge does not have a particularly inspiring record, with more than 800 spills between 1999 and 2010, totalling 6.8 million gallons of spilled oil. In 2010, its pipeline 6B ruptured in the Kalamazoo River. The nation’s focus was pulled by Deepwater Horizon at the time, but the Kalamazoo River spill became the nation’s biggest inland oil spill.

The Mackinac pipelines were built in 1953, and have not been replaced since then. Chumbley managed to track down and interview retired engineer Bruce Trudgen, who is probably one of the last living people to work on the pipelines. At the time of construction, the pipelines were supposed to last fifty years. But now, “Enbridge has decided it’s good way past 50 years,” Trudgen says. The pipelines are now 62 years old.

In 2013, environmental advocates with the National Wildlife Federation were fed up with not getting enough information about the pipelines’ condition from Enbridge or the government. So they decided to dive down themselves to check it out. They found broken structural braces and sections of completely unsupported pipeline. Enbridge public affairs specialist Jason Manshum says these reports are misleading. “The notion that a company like Enbridge would not maintain a line is just atrocious,” he said. . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 10:22 am

Stirling’s Sharp Dressed Man

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SOTD 11 Aug 2015

I’ve read quite a few reviews praising the fragrance of Stirling Soap Company’s Sharp Dressed Man and finally had to find out for myself. The Vie-Long horsehair brush shown is a favorite, and I wet the knot well before I showered so brush was ready to go when the shower was done.

As I usually do with Stirling soaps, I started with a dampish wet brush and added a couple of driblets of water as I loaded the brush, working each into the brush until no free water is seen. The resulting lather was excellent, and the fragrance is indeed pleasing—and well named, IMO.

The Edwin Jagger razor shown, with a fluted rubber handle, did a fine job: enjoyable and a BBS result. One tiny nick on the chin (just a dot) and My Nik Is Sealed proved its value once more.

A good splash of Clean Vetiver by Fine, and I feel set for what the day brings. I think I slightly prefer Fine’s Clean Vetiver to his Fresh Vetiver, but they’re both good. And I might have to get the Sharp Dressed Man EDT or aftershave.

Written by Leisureguy

11 August 2015 at 10:15 am

Posted in Shaving

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