Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Archive for September 26th, 2015

Making a database, early 19th Century British Navy

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From The Hundred Days, by Patrick O’Brian, Vol. 19 in the series, page 47, where Jack Aubrey, still post-captain but named commodore in charge of a six-ship squadron given a specific mission in the Mediterranean following Napoleon’s escape from Elba:

There were no more than six ships or vessels in the squadron, but their books and papers already overflowed the Commodore’s desk: not much more than a thousand men were concerned, but all those of real importance in the running of the squadron had to be entered on separate slips together with what comments he had so far been able to make on their abilities; and to house these slips he had called upon his joiner to make temporary tray-like wings to his desk, so that eventually he should have all the elements at his disposal laid out, to be re-arranged according to the tasks the squadron might be called to undertake. In these quite exceptional circumstances, with no settled ships’ companies apart from those in Surprise and to some extent Briseis, he would have an equally exceptional free hand.

Very interesting description of how a practicing database worked back in that day. O’Brian does a lot of research, assiduously reading old logs and reports, so I would be his description is accurate. I’m trying to think what database I would use for this. Lotus Agenda comes to mind, for example.

Written by LeisureGuy

26 September 2015 at 1:25 pm

Why the CEO of Peanut Corporation of America got 28 years for killing 9 people and no one at GM received any punishment for killing 124

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In the NY Times Joe Nocera explains how the prosecutor in the GM case bungled so badly. (The “why” is still unreported, but it may be relevant that GM has considerably more money and thus influence than does the Peanut Corporation of America.)

Salmonella poisoning is an awful affliction. It is marked by diarrhea, abdominal cramps, dehydration and fever that can last as long as a week. Many people wind up in the hospital. Others develop something called reactive arthritis. And in a small number of cases, the victims die.

A major outbreak of salmonella poisoning took place in America in 2008 and 2009, when nine people died and over 700 others were reported ill. The outbreak was traced to a peanut processing plant in Georgia, owned by the Peanut Corporation of America, a $30 million company whose chief executive was a man named Stewart Parnell.

The plant was soon shuttered and the company liquidated. Eventually, Parnell, 61, was indicted and prosecuted. Found guilty, the former C.E.O. received a stunning sentence earlier this week: 28 years in prison.

A serious auto accident is also a terrible thing to endure. We know now that the faulty ignition switch installed in General Motors-made Cobalts, Saturn Ions and other cars manufactured between 2003 and 2007 resulted in at least 124 deaths. In addition, 275 people were injured badly enough to be awarded compensation — some in the millions — by Kenneth Feinberg, the well-known lawyer G.M. hired to run its victims’ compensation fund. At least 20 of the injured, including a young boy, will require 24-hour care for the rest of their lives.

And yet, a few days before Parnell’s sentencing, Preet Bharara, the top federal prosecutor in Manhattan, announced a settlement with G.M. that included a $900 million fine and a three-year deferred prosecution agreement — but not a single indictment of a G.M. employee. (Several remain under investigation.)

How can this be? How is it possible that the executive of a company whose product killed nine people gets a lengthy jail sentence yet the executives of a company whose product killed 124 people get off scot free?

Bharara’s explanation — and there is some truth to it — is that it is unusually difficult to prosecute auto industry executives. It is not a crime “to put into the stream of commerce a defective automobile that might kill people,” he said during his briefing with the media. What’s more, thanks to auto industry lobbying, the nation’s auto safety laws generally call for punishing corporate, rather than individual, malfeasance.

Another reason is specific to the ignition issue: For years, G.M. executives didn’t realize that when the ignition shut down, the airbags also lost power. Thus, G.M. officials didn’t view the problem as a safety issue. In winning cases against individuals, prosecutors have to show criminal intent.

But here’s one of the big surprises about the Parnell case, which was brought by Mike Moore, a federal prosecutor in Georgia. Moore relied as much or more on plain old fraud charges as he did on food safety laws, which do allow for individual prosecutions. The fact that the salmonella outbreak caused nine deaths wasn’t even part of the trial. Instead, the focus was on whether Parnell committed fraud by knowingly introducing tainted peanut butter paste into interstate commerce. The fraud conviction is what brought that eye-popping sentence.

There are plenty of people — people who genuinely understand the law — who believe that Bharara could have done the same thing with G.M. executives who knew about the faulty ignition but said nothing to the government, even though they were required to do so within five days of learning about a safety problem. In their view, Bharara’s cautious reading of the law is far too narrow. . .

Continue reading.

Written by LeisureGuy

26 September 2015 at 11:21 am

Shave #16 with the Meißner Tremonia sample

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The photos were all out of focus—no idea why—but the photo is familiar: the white bowl, the brush (my Plisson synthetic), the aftershave (Penhaligon’s Blenheim Bouquet), and the razor, in this case a rodium-plated Gillette President. I’ll use the razor again next week so you can see it. It’s a handsome thing, resembling the 1940s Gillette Aristocrat.

No problems at all in getting an excellent and plentiful lather. I still have a few more shaves left in the sample, but the degree to which it lasts shows how greatly oversupplied I am with soap.

Written by LeisureGuy

26 September 2015 at 11:17 am

Posted in Shaving

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