Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Archive for June 28th, 2021

The Acoustics of Stonehenge: Researchers Build a Model to Understand How Sound Reverberated within the Ancient Structure

leave a comment »

Josh Jones writes for Open Culture:

It’s impossible to resist a Spinal Tap joke, but the creators of the complete scale model of England’s ancient Druidic structure pictured above had serious intentions — to understand what those inside the circle heard when the stones all stood in their upright “henge” position. A research team led by acoustical engineer Trevor Cox constructed the model at one-twelfth the actual size of Stonehenge, the “largest possible scale replica that could fit inside an acoustic chamber at the University of Salford in England, where Cox works,” reports Bruce Bower at Science News. The tallest of the stones is only two feet high.

This is not the first time acoustic research has been carried out on Stonehenge, but previous projects were “all based on what’s there now,” says Cox. “I wanted to know how it sounded in 2200 B.C., when all the stones were in place.” The experiment required a lot of extrapolation from what remains. The construction of “Stonehenge Lego” or “Minihenge,” as the researchers call it, assumes that “Stonehenge’s outer circle of standing sarsen stones — a type of silcrete rock found in southern England — had originally consisted of 30 stones.” Today, there are 17 sarsen stones in the outer circle among the 63 complete stones remaining.

Continue reading. The results are surprising.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 5:27 pm

Posted in Daily life, Science

How to Prevent Kidney Stones with Diet

leave a comment »

The microphotograph of a kidney stone gives me the heebie-jeebies.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 5:22 pm

Foods as a source of magnesium, a necessary nutrient

leave a comment »

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) has an interesting study available online. The abstract reads (with emphasis added):

Magnesium is a critical mineral in the human body and is involved in ~80% of known metabolic functions. It is currently estimated that 60% of adults do not achieve the average dietary intake (ADI) and 45% of Americans are magnesium deficient, a condition associated with disease states like hypertension, diabetes, and neurological disorders, to name a few. Magnesium deficiency can be attributed to common dietary practices, medications, and farming techniques, along with estimates that the mineral content of vegetables has declined by as much as 80–90% in the last 100 years. However, despite this mineral’s importance, it is poorly understood from several standpoints, not the least of which is its unique mechanism of absorption and sensitive compartmental handling in the body, making the determination of magnesium status difficult. The reliance on several popular sample assays has contributed to a great deal of confusion in the literature. This review will discuss causes of magnesium deficiency, absorption, handling, and compartmentalization in the body, highlighting the challenges this creates in determining magnesium status in both clinical and research settings.

The entire study is available.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 5:10 pm

Neoliberalism’s Bailout Problem: Mainstream economics ignores the massive government interventions that “free market” capitalism requires.

leave a comment »

Robert Pollin and Gerald Epstein write in Boston Review:

The most basic tenet undergirding neoliberal economics is that free market capitalism—or at least some close approximation to it—is the only effective framework for delivering widely shared economic well-being. On this view, only free markets can increase productivity and average living standards while delivering high levels of individual freedom and fair social outcomes: big government spending and heavy regulations are simply less effective.

These neoliberal premises have dominated economic policymaking both in the United States and around the world for the past forty years, beginning with the elections of Margaret Thatcher in the United Kingdom and Ronald Reagan in the States. Thatcher’s dictum that “there is no alternative” to neoliberalism became a rallying cry, supplanting what had been, since the end of World War II, the dominance of Keynesianism in global economic policymaking, which instead viewed large-scale government interventions as necessary for stability and a reasonable degree of fairness under capitalism. This neoliberal ascendency has been undergirded by the full-throated support of the overwhelming majority of professional economists, including such luminaries as Nobel Laureates Milton Friedman and Robert Lucas.

In reality neoliberalism has depended on huge levels of government support for its entire existence. The global neoliberal economic order could easily have collapsed into a 1930s-level Great Depression multiple times over in the absence of massive government interventions. Especially central to its survival have been government bailouts, including emergency government spending injections financed by borrowing—that is, deficit spending—as well as central bank actions to prop up financial institutions and markets teetering on the verge of ruin.

Bailouts have therefore not only repeatedly rescued neoliberal capitalism during periods of crisis, but they have also, as a result, reinforced neoliberalism’s most malignant tendencies. In 1978, just prior to neoliberalism’s rise, the CEOs of the largest 350 U.S. corporations earned $1.7 million, 33 times the $51,200 earned by the average private-sector non-supervisory worker. As of 2019 the CEOs were earning 366 times more than the average worker, $21.3 million versus $58,200. Under neoliberalism, in other words, the pay for big corporate U.S. CEOs increased more than ten-fold relative to the average U.S. worker. This curious conjunction—theoretical disdain for government alongside practical reliance on it—has amounted to champagne socialism for big corporations, Wall Street, and the rich and “let-them-eat-cake” capitalism for most everyone else.

The COVID-19 pandemic and recession powerfully illustrated how neoliberalism works in practice. During the pandemic, employment and overall economic activity throughout the world fell precipitously, as major sections of the global economy were forced into lockdown mode. According to the International Monetary Fund, overall economic activity (GDP) contracted by 3.5 percent in 2020 in a “severe collapse . . . that has had acute adverse impacts on women, youth, the poor, the informally employed and those who work in contact-intensive sectors.” But during the same period, global markets soared. In the United States, nearly 50 percent of the entire labor force filed for unemployment benefits between March 2020 and February 2021. However, over this same period, the prices of Wall Street stocks—as measured, for example, by the Standard and Poor’s 500 index, a broad market indicator—rose by 46 percent, one of the sharpest one-year increases on record. Moreover, this increase did not simply reflect the U.S. stock market recovering from the pandemic and lockdown. As of February 2021, the Standard and Poor’s 500 index was also 38 percent higher than two years prior, in March 2019, nine months before COVID-19 had been recognized as a human pathogen. And the 2020 stock market ascent began months before there was any clear evidence that the economy was recovering from the lockdown. All these gains are the result of large-scale government interventions: bailouts were given, first and foremost, to boost financial markets and to help the rich.


Textbook Neoliberalism vs. Bailouts 101

In textbook economics the movements of financial markets are supposed to reflect underlying conditions in the real economy where goods and services are produced, workers are hired and paid, and companies profit or don’t in attempting to sell their products. In this scenario, when companies lay off workers, workers lose income and cut back on spending, which means companies are likely to face difficulties selling their products. Their profits should fall as a result. As unemployment rises and profits fall, the value of these companies, as expressed in their stock market prices, should decrease. This has not been the case over the past year—as disparities grew between conditions in the real economy and financial markets—because governments undertook massive bailout operations in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic.

In March 2020, . . .

Continue reading. There’s more.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 4:31 pm

The Ghost of Classics Yet to Come

leave a comment »

Stephen Fry writes in Antigone:

Ammo alas amity

… is how autocorrect renders:

Amo, amas amat.

Is further proof needed that the game is up for Classics? Alea iacta est, as Caesar put it, the die is cast, or – as autocorrect prefers – Ales Oscar eat.

Go back a hundred and fifty years or so and the idea of defending or justifying the study of the Classics would have seemed absurd. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries it was interloper disciplines like Economics and English Literature that required defence and justification. The study of Greek and Latin language, literature, history and philosophy was the one central, unquestioned pillar of education around the English-speaking world (and in many other lands too).

Professional subjects like Law and Medicine were mere satellites – legal primers and medical textbooks contained almost as much Latin and Greek as they did any living tongue. Nor could Natural and Moral Philosophy be mastered without a knowledge of those ancient languages. Isaac Newton’s Principia Mathematica (as you might guess) was not written in English; Leibniz too wrote in Latin. (Galileo’s first publications were in Latin but he changed to Italian after those initial papers were rejected). Theology and History of course required complete familiarity with classical languages and references. The Fine Arts, inasmuch as they were considered studies, could not be pursued without a thorough grounding in Greek and Roman art and architecture and their later Renaissance.

This isn’t the time or place to go into the reasons for the incredible speed with which that central pillar cracked, causing the whole edifice to crumble and collapse like the Philistine temple at Gaza. No single Samson pulled it down, but perhaps we can look for causes in a combination of Universal Education, the First World War and the general disintegration of Empire, hierarchy and certainty in the world. Classics very quickly became associated with the Old Guard, the ancien régime, Them, the chinless, gutless, clueless ones who got us bogged down in Flanders, who supervised mass unemployment, who callously broke strikes and stomped on rights and who, when they thought of warfare, pictured Horatio defending Rome or hoplites chasing Persians to the sea, and who were cheap, snobbish and shallow enough to think that an idea quoted in Latin had more value and authority than one spoken in English or any other living language.

After the Second World War, with the rise of Utopian social democracy, the Welfare State, National Health, comprehensive education and the New Universities a wholly different Britain was being constructed, quite consciously. There was little room for Classics in this new age, partly because something on the curriculum had to make way for the even more new-fangled and technical courses than Economics and Eng. Lit. that were being introduced, and partly because of the inimical association of classical studies with public and grammar schools, masters and mistresses in academic gowns, and wood-panelled form-rooms where busts of Cicero and Aristotle gazed sightlessly down through the chalk dust on unhappy schoolchildren who could now be more pleasurably and profitably encountering Nuffield Science, New Maths, ‘living languages’ and social history in sunlit classrooms gaily decorated with colour posters. The Four Rs had primacy: Reading, Writing, Arithmetic and – the greatest R of them all – Relevance. If you couldn’t prove relevance, down the order of priority you went until almost the only institutions willing to offer courses in the Classics were those self-same grammar and public schools whose values, history and influence so many thinking people had been decrying. And thus the vicious cycle narrowed its gyre and the study of the Classical civilizations became even more of a minority sport, even more niche or – to use today’s most damning adjective – even more elitist.

How to break the cycle, that has been the pressing question asked by all of us who love, treasure and thrill to the endless delights of studying classical antiquity. How to dispel the ghastly images of those Victorian classrooms? It is what I call the Pipe Problem. A young man smoking a pipe cannot do so without looking like a pompous dick (I should know, I used to be just such a young man), and Classics finds itself in a similar quandary. No one can quote or use Latin in company without sounding like the worst kind of absolute tosser. You might as well wear a three-piece suit with a watch chain and call yourself Jacob. Or there is the option of buying a two-piece suit that doesn’t fit and jumping up and down on it till it’s creased to hell. Then you could put it on backwards, muss up your hair and call yourself Boris.

Talk about the worst of all possible worlds. Even though it’s deeply unfashionable to know any Latin and Greek, it still seems like the worst kind of showing off to make any public use of it. Classical music faces the same challenges. All who love it know . . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 4:16 pm

Birds coming home to roost: Surfside official was sent disturbing report. He told board condo was ‘in good shape.’

leave a comment »

I don’t think “I don’t remember” or “No comment” is going to cut it. Aaron Leibowitz, Mary Ellen, Klas, and Sarah Blaskey report in the Miami Herald:

A month after an engineer’s report flagged “major structural damage” at Champlain Towers South, the chief building official for the town of Surfside told residents the condominium was “in very good shape,” according to minutes from a November 2018 board meeting obtained by the Miami Herald.

Ross Prieto, who left the post last year, had reviewed the engineer’s report, the minutes say. Records show condo board member Mara Chouela forwarded a copy to him two days earlier.

An email posted on the town’s website shows that Chouela sent Prieto two reports: the “structural field survey report” by engineer Frank Morabito of Morabito Consultants detailing the building’s structural deficiencies, and a mechanical and electrical engineering report by Thomas E. Henz. P.E. And it was Chouela who introduced Prieto at the meeting with five of the seven board members, along with property manager Alexandria Santamaria, condo board lawyer Marilyn Perez and interested residents who had gathered in the building’s recreation room.

But this past Saturday, Prieto told the Herald he didn’t remember getting the report.

He said he didn’t recall the email from Chouela, who had also shared cost estimates for the repair work. Prieto said he wasn’t aware that the town had received the report, which detailed “abundant cracking” in concrete columns, beams and walls.

“I don’t know anything about it,” he said. “That’s 2018.”

Asked Sunday about the November 2018 board meeting, Prieto declined to comment, citing the advice of an attorney.

That was after details of the November 2018 meeting minutes were first reported Sunday by NPR.

Records released Sunday showed that the morning after attending the meeting, Prieto sent an email to then-town manager Guillermo Olmedillo to report that it “went very well” and that “the response was very positive from everyone in the room.” He also said he was impressed with the proactive approach of the condo association to its upcoming required 40-year recertification.

“This particular building is not due to begin their forty year until 2021 but they have decided to start the process early which I wholeheartedly endorse and wish that this trend would catch on with other properties,” Prieto wrote, according to records released Sunday by the town.

Olmedillo, the town manager from 2015 until last year, told the Herald on Sunday that he didn’t recall getting the email from Prieto.

The 12-story, 136-unit building was . . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 3:50 pm

Cable Provider Altice Cuts Upload Speeds by 86%…Just Because It Can

leave a comment »

An example of why people feel powerless against corporations and why stronger government oversight — acting in the interests of the public, not to protect corporations — is needed. Karl Bode writes in Vice:

French-owned U.S. cable company Altice has announced it will soon be offering its users 86 percent slower broadband service—for the same price. It’s the latest example of a U.S. broadband market that sees little incentive to compete on price or performance in the face of limited competition and flimsy oversight.

Starting on July 12, the company will be significantly reducing upstream speeds across most of its broadband tiers for new users. For example, users on the company’s 100 Mbps downstream tier will see their upstream speeds slashed from 35 Mbps to just 5 Mbps. Users on its 200 Mbps tier will see their upstream speeds reduced from 35 Mbps to 10 Mbps.

The changes won’t impact existing users for now, but users hoping to switch plans or nab a new bundle promotion will inevitably be shoveled toward the new, slower tiers.

Altice, which acquired U.S. cable company Cablevision and its Optimum broadband service in 2016, told Ars Technica that the changes were not due to any performance issues on the network. Instead, Altice claimed the changes were an attempt to bring the company’s service speeds “in line with other ISPs and aligned with the industry.”

In short, Altice intends to take full advantage of limited competition and feckless government oversight by charging users more money for a worse product.

“This is jaw-droppingly perverse logic—and a neat parable about the problems of market-based service provision without competition,” activist and author Cory Doctorow said of the company’s plans. “It’s not always the case that competition sends corporations on a race to the top — but for-profit monopolies always race to the bottom.”

Up to 42 million Americans lack access to broadband. 83 million currently live under a broadband monopoly where they have the choice of just one ISP—usually Comcast. Millions more live under a duopoly, where their only choice consists of a cable giant or a phone company that has often neglected its DSL lines and aging infrastructure.

With virtually no competition at faster speeds, entrenched cable providers have little incentive to compete on price, shore up spotty coverage, or improve what is historically terrible customer service. And with regulators and lawmakers heavily lobbied by the same companies, US leaders routinely turn a blind eye to this very profitable dysfunction.

Frustrated by this gridlock, more than 750 US towns and cities have pursued some variation of community-owned broadband. Studies have shown such home-grown networks routinely provide faster broadband service at significantly lower rates.

But prodded by telecom giants, 17 States have monopoly-backed laws restricting community broadband. Ohio lawmakers are currently debating embedding new restrictions that would be included as part of a budget bill. Last February, House Republicans proposed a new law that would have banned community broadband in the US entirely.

The Biden administration’s vague $100 billion broadband plan originally included a promise to fund community broadband. But it’s unclear if such a promise will survive Congressional infrastructure negotiations, which have already reduced the proposal’s scope by $35 billion in a bid to gain Senate Republican approval. . .

Continue reading.

Washington state recently repealed an industry-written law (still on the books in 17 states) that prohibits public broadband. Jon Brodkin writes in Ars Technica:

The Washington state legislature has voted to end limits on municipal broadband, and the bill lifting those restrictions now awaits the signature of Democratic Gov. Jay Inslee. The state Senate passed the bill Sunday in a 27-22 vote, and the state House passed it on February 23 by a vote of 60-37.

“This bill reverses decades of bad policy—Washington was one of only 18 states with a STATE LAW prohibiting some local governments from offering broadband directly to the public,” Democratic Rep. Drew Hansen, the bill’s lead sponsor, wrote on Twitter. “Long overdue. Thanks to the BIPARTISAN group of Senators who stood up for public broadband today!!”

The Senate vote went mostly along party lines, but one Republican (Brad Hawkins) voted yea and three Democrats (Steve Hobbs, Mark Mullet, and Lisa Wellman) voted nay.

here’s still one complication. A second bill sponsored by Sen. Wellman that “would do much less to eliminate barriers to municipal broadband solutions” passed the House on Sunday and had previously passed the Senate, said an article on the Institute for Local Self-Reliance’s Community Broadband Networks website. “The two competing bills have been sent to the state governor and it is expected one will be vetoed,” the article said.

Details on competing bills

A 21-year-old Washington state law (54.16.330) “authorizes some municipalities to provide communications services but prohibits public utility districts from providing communications services directly to customers,” as noted in attorney Jim Baller’s list of states that restrict municipal broadband or other public communications initiatives. (Baller runs a telecommunications law firm that represents local governments.)

The Hansen-sponsored bill now awaiting the governor’s approval specifically authorizes public utility districts, port districts, counties, and towns to provide retail telecommunications service to end users. Additionally, the bill lets public utility districts and port districts offer service both inside and outside their district’s geographic limits.

The bill also deletes a line from 54.16.330 that says, “[N]othing in this section shall be construed to authorize public utility districts to provide telecommunications services to end users.” The bill changes another state law by deleting the line “nothing in this subsection shall be construed to authorize port districts to provide telecommunications services to end users.”

By contrast, . . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 2:16 pm

Hot day, so a good serving of pink power juice

leave a comment »

I’m having one of these: a peeled lemon, frozen cranberries, erythritrol, and hibiscus tea, blended into a slushie. (Recipe at the link.)

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 12:38 pm

1 truth and 3 lies about Critical Race Theory

leave a comment »

Judd Legum has an illuminating column today:

Between now and November 2022, you will be hearing a lot about Critical Race Theory (CRT). On Saturday night, former President Trump bashed CRT during his first rally since leaving the White House. Last week, Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) introduced the “END CRT Act.” In the first two weeks of June, CRT was mentioned 408 times on Fox News

Why has a complex academic legal framework that has been around since the 1980s suddenly become a hot political topic? We don’t have to speculate. Right-wing operatives have stated publicly that they plan to use CRT to elect more Republicans. 

Steve Bannon, who advised Trump in the White House and now hosts an influential podcast on the right, said putting CRT at the center of the political discussion was the key to Republican success in 2022 and beyond:

I look at this and say, “Hey, this is how we are going to win.” I see 50 [House Republican] seats in 2022. Keep this up. I think you’re going to see a lot more emphasis from Trump on [CRT] and [Florida Governor Ron] DeSantis and others. People who are serious in 2024 and beyond are going to focus on it.

Trump, Cruz, Bannon, and many other Republicans say that CRT is an insidious force that is being imposed in schools, corporations, and the government. This is how Cruz describes CRT in his new bill. 

By teaching that certain individuals, by virtue of inherent characteristics, are inherently flawed, critical race theory contradicts the basic principle upon which the United States was founded that all men and women are created equal.

This is a false description of CRT. (It is also an inaccurate historical description of the Declaration of Independence, which states “all men are created equal.” And it was referring only to white men.) 

But understanding politics in the months ahead will require understanding the truth about CRT — and how CRT is being distorted and manipulated. 

The truth about Critical Race Theory

At its heart, Critical Race Theory emerged from a group of legal scholars trying to answer a question: Why, after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 created formal legal equality between racial groups, does substantive racial inequality persist?

Let’s explore how this works with a concrete example. . .

Continue reading. There’s much more, including the three lies. This is probably behind a paywall, but this guy is good and worth a subscription.

Later in the column:

The purpose of CRT is to understand the structural causes of racial inequality — large and small — in order to dismantle them and create a fairer society. CRT scholars use similar analysis to explain how the law creates racial inequality in health, education, and other areas. 

Disagreeing with some or all of CRT does not make you a racist. CRT is a lively field of academic study and many CRT scholars disagree with each other

But Chris Rufo, an operative affiliated with the Manhattan Institute who popularized opposition to CRT through frequent appearances on Fox News, acknowledged in March that he is simply using CRT as a vessel to fill with whatever concepts he thinks are politically unpopular. By their own admission, the current crop of CRT critics is not engaged in a good faith argument. They are misrepresenting and distorting CRT for political purposes.

From a column by Philip Bump in the Washington Post:

Christopher Rufo is broadly and appropriately credited with seizing on critical race theory as a useful point of focus. He’s been upfront about both how the term is being redefined and why.

The goal is to have the public read something crazy in the newspaper and immediately think ‘critical race theory,’ ” he wrote on Twitter this year. “We have decodified the term and will recodify it to annex the entire range of cultural constructions that are unpopular with Americans.

In other words, critical race theory would become a stand-in for a range of “unpopular” cultural struggles — most of which, given the descriptor, will focus on race.

Rufo has also been explicit about one of the things that he says should be slotted under the umbrella of critical race theory: communism.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 12:06 pm

Posted in Daily life, GOP, Politics

Old arguments from the Confederacy return

leave a comment »

Heather Cox Richardson points out how bad arguments never die:

The big news today was a series of interviews that former attorney general William Barr did with Jonathan D. Karl of The Atlantic, in which Barr emphasized that former president Trump’s claims that he had won the 2020 election were “bullshit.”

What is interesting about this is not the idea that Barr stood against Trump’s claims of a win. In fact, shortly after the election, Barr fed the Big Lie. A week after the 2020 election, he overturned Justice Department policy to investigate “substantial allegations” of vote irregularities that “could potentially impact the outcome” of the election. Now he is saying that he took this unusual action because he knew Trump would ask him about allegations of fraud and wanted to be able to say he had looked into them. But his stance fed the idea that Trump had been cheated of victory.

That Barr is trying to spin the past now is a good indicator of current politics. While we are still in a dangerous moment, the former president is losing ground.

Trump’s Big Lie has a number of elements that echo the argument behind the organization of the Confederacy in 1861. Like the Confederates, the Big Lie inspired followers by calling for them not to destroy America, but to defend it. The insurrectionists of January 6, and those who continue to insist the election was stolen, do not think of themselves as domestic terrorists, but as patriots in the mold of Samuel Adams.

“Today is 1776,” Representative Lauren Boebert (R-CO) tweeted on January 6.

The Confederates, too, believed they were defending America. In February 1861, even before Republican President Abraham Lincoln took office on March 4, 1861, lawmakers for the Confederate States of America wrote their own constitution. It was remarkably similar to the United States Constitution—copied from it verbatim, in fact—except for three key changes that they believed made the original constitution better: they defended state’s rights, denied that the government could promote internal improvements, and prohibited any law that denied or impaired “the right of property in negro slaves.”

Confederate leaders convinced ordinary white men in the southern states that defending the expansion of human enslavement would be defending the nation against the “radicals” who valued the principles of equality outlined in the Declaration of independence.

On the basis of that powerful patriotism, they took their states out of the Union shortly after Lincoln was elected president, hurrying to secede while tempers were hot.

But, once they declared an insurrection, they found it hard to keep up enthusiasm for it. Confederate leaders approved the firing on Fort Sumter in April 1861 in part because interest in creating a new nation was fading. The new nation that had seemed exciting and inspiring in the holiday gatherings after the election seemed a little silly in the spring, when attention turned to planting. Sparking a crisis made sure that southern whites did not abandon the Confederacy. And, once the war had begun, white southerners were committed. Wars are far easier to start than to stop.

Trump’s insurrection seems to be facing the same waning enthusiasm that Confederate leaders faced. Saturday night, at his first large rally since January 6, Trump spoke at Wellington, Ohio, about 35 miles west of Cleveland. While attendees responded to his complaints about the election, many left early. Today Senator Mitt Romney (R-UT) told CNN’s Jake Tapper, “there’s a growing recognition that this is a bit like [professional wrestling]. That it’s entertaining, but it’s not real. And I know people want to say, yeah, they believe in the ‘Big Lie’ in some cases, but I think people recognize that it’s a lot of show and bombast. But it’s going nowhere. The election is over. It was fair….let’s move on.”

Rather than inspiring continued resistance, Trump increasingly looks like President Richard M. Nixon, whose support eroded as more and more sordid information about his White House came to light. Exposés of the Trump White House recently have shown his cavalier approach to the pandemic that has killed more than 600,000 Americans, and his willingness to employ force against peaceful protesters in summer 2020.

Last week, news broke that . . .

Continue reading.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 11:11 am

The Monday shave starts the week right

leave a comment »

The RazoRock 400 synthetic shaving brush comes in various handle colors. With the brush I easily got a very nice lather from Tcheon Fung Sing’s Tabacco Verde shaving soap.

The Fine slant is a remarkably good razor that unfortunately seems to be no longer available. It’s definitely one of my favorite slants, and if you use light pressure and a good blade angle (riding the cap, not the guard), it is extremely comfortable — not even a threat of a nick. However, if you up the pressure and use a bad blade angle, nicks are likely. For that reason, I use light pressure and a good blade angle.

The shave this morning was a pleasure — stubble smoothly removed, leaving my face perfectly smooth with no damage at all. A splash of Alt-Innsbruck finished the job, and its menthol was welcome today.

Written by Leisureguy

28 June 2021 at 9:21 am

Posted in Shaving

%d bloggers like this: