Archive for the ‘Cats’ Category
Very interesting article, photos, and video.
You can see some charming examples of inter-species friendships on the Web: deer and rabbit friendship, deer and cat friendship, lion and person friendship. Here’s one that’s somewhat unusual.
Catie Leary gives examples of Bridget Beth Collins’s work at Mother Nature. Here’s just one:
More at the link. Here’s another:
Kaleigh Rogers has a long article about cheetahs in the Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute program in Virginia:
Cheetahs don’t roar, like other big cats. They purr.
It’s a deep, rumbling vibration that is simultaneously tranquil and terrifying. You can sense their calm, but you can also sense their power. I was transfixed as I listened to Nick, a five-year-old male cheetah, purring happily inches from my face on the other side of a chain-link fence.
It was a cold, grey day in the hills of Virginia, more than 7,000 miles away from the cheetah’s natural habitat in the dry grasslands of sub-Saharan Africa. Nick paced the fence line, my view of him obscured by some plastic slats weaved through the links.
“He’s really hard to get pictures of because he’s always right on the fence,” explained Adrienne Crosier, a biologist and the head of the cheetah breeding program at theSmithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI) in Front Royal. She told me Nick, hand-reared for a few weeks as a newborn, is particularly fond of people.
“He always wants to come see you,” she said, Nick’s purr thrumming continuously.
Nick has spent his entire life in these hills at SCBI, where 21 endangered species are bred and researched. The cheetah program is considered one of the facility’s biggest success stories. Over the last five years, SCBI has been responsible for bringing 34 healthy cheetah cubs into the world and contributing a wealth of scientific research to our understanding of the species. The goal is to gain knowledge that will help conserve cheetahs in the wild. Because of their nomadic nature and vast territories, studying cheetahs in situ has always been a difficult task, and a large portion of what we now know about the species—their health, fertility, endocrinology, genetics—came from research done on captive cats.
But there are conservationists who question whether this strategy does much to help the wild population. With just an estimated 10,000 cheetahs remaining in the wild and everything from habitat destruction, to conflicts with farmers and the exotic pet trade threatening the species’s survival, is this strategy the most effective way to protect these cats? What good is a friendly cheetah in Virginia to the ones facing extinction in the wild?
SCBI is situated on 3,200 acres of sprawling woodland in Virginia’s Shenandoah mountains. The property was once home to a US Army cavalry remount station; horse graves still top the hillsides. Some of the 301 animals here—from red pandas to white-naped cranes—will eventually find their way to the Smithsonian’s National Zoo in Washington, or other zoos in the US, but the breeding facility itself is not open to the public. Its prime focus is on research and the conservation of species endangered in the wild. Every animal there is either endangered or, like the Przewalski’s horse, extinct in its natural habitat.
Though SCBI has been active since the 1970s, the cheetah breeding program is a relatively new addition—one of many passion projects for Dave Wildt, a biologist who has been studying cheetahs for more than 30 years and currently serves as SCBI’s head of the species survival programs. Wildt spent the early part of his career studying cheetahs, both captive and wild, across sub-saharan Africa.
“We went out and had all these great experiences running around the Serengeti catching wild cheetahs and collecting sperm and blood samples for genetic studies,” Wildt recalled as we sat in his office at SCBI, the walls dotted with photos of Wildt cradling fuzzy-headed cubs.
During his time in Africa, Wildt and his colleagues made some landmark discoveries about the species, like the fact that cheetahs had historically suffered multiplepopulation bottlenecks, leading to a lack of genetic diversity. It also highlighted how little we knew about cheetahs, which helped explain why so many zoos and research groups had struggled to breed them in captivity. For decades, zoos in North America relied on importing captive-bred cheetahs from countries like South Africa, in part because they couldn’t figure out how to breed them adequately. Wildt recognized the potential benefits of researching captive animals and wanted to open a dedicated cheetah center stateside.
“As long as I could remember, people had said this facility would be great for a cheetah breeding center but we had no money to build it,” Wildt told me.
In 2004, talks about a cheetah program finally started to firm up. An anonymous private donor provided enough seed money to begin construction, and by 2007 the first two cats moved in. Unfortunately, because captive cheetahs were still so difficult to come by, they were both female.
“So much for a breeding program,” Wildt said. . .