Later On

A blog written for those whose interests more or less match mine.

Posts Tagged ‘diabetes

Diabetes 2 epidemic from pollution?

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Maybe. Phyllida Brown writes in New Scientist:

ON 10 July 1976, a reactor at a chemical plant near the small town of Seveso in northern Italy exploded, sending a toxic cloud drifting into the summer sky. Around 18 square kilometres of land was contaminated with TCDD, a member of the notorious class of industrial chemicals known as dioxins.

The immediate after-effects were relatively mild: 15 children landed in hospital with skin inflammation and around 3300 small animals were killed. Today, however, the accident casts a long shadow over the people of Seveso, who are suffering increased numbers of premature deaths from cancer, cardiovascular disease and, perhaps surprisingly, diabetes (American Journal of Epidemiology, vol 167, p 847).

To some diabetes researchers, Seveso serves as a warning to us all. Ask why diabetes is epidemic in the 21st century and most people will point the finger at bad diet, laziness and obesity. According to a small but growing group of scientists, though, the real culprit is a family of toxic chemicals known as persistent organic pollutants, or POPs. If these researchers are right, POPs – which include some of the most reviled chemicals ever created, including dioxins, DDT and PCBs – may be key players in the web of events that lead people to develop the disease.

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Written by Leisureguy

13 September 2008 at 9:05 am

Posted in Daily life, Environment, Medical, Science

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Omega-3 prevents type 1 diabetes in children

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Another reason to make sure your family eats enough omega-3:

Multiple studies have been published recently showing the power of omega-3 fatty acids to prevent Type 1 Diabetes in children. For example, one study out of Norway found that children with Type 1 Diabetes were far less likely to have received omega-3 supplements as infants than children that did not have Diabetes.

To examine the effects of Omega-3 supplementation on Diabetes in children, researchers at the University of Colorado began a HUGE study entitled, Diabetes Autoimmunity Study in the Young (DAISY):

The study was conducted in Denver, from January 1994 through November 2006 and included 1,770 children at increased risk for type 1 diabetes, defined as either possession of HLA genotype for a high diabetes risk or having a sibling or parent with type 1 diabetes. The mean age at follow-up was 6.2 years.

Researchers found a very significantly decreased risk in islet autoimmunity (a risk-indicator of Type-1 Diabetes) in children that received Omega-3 fatty acids:

The researchers found that 58 children developed islet autoimmunity during follow-up. Adjusting for HLA genotype, family history of type 1 diabetes, caloric intake, and omega-6 fatty acid intake, omega-3 fatty acid intake was associated with a 55% reduced risk of islet autoimmunity.

In the second part of the study, researchers examined another factor related to islet autoimmunity, the omega-3 content of erythrocyte membranes:

The researchers found that the omega-3 fatty acid content of erythrocyte membranes was associated with a 37% decreased risk of islet autoimmunity.

If you have Diabetes in your family history, you may want to consider giving your children pharmaceutical-grade fish oil.

Written by Leisureguy

18 November 2007 at 4:18 pm

Posted in Daily life, Food, Health, Science

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Dibetes is more complex than was thought

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From the NY Times:

 An explosion of new research is vastly changing scientists’ understanding of diabetes and giving new clues about how to attack it.

The fifth leading killer of Americans, with 73,000 deaths a year, diabetes is a disease in which the body’s failure to regulate glucose, or blood sugar, can lead to serious and even fatal complications. Until very recently, the regulation of glucose — how much sugar is present in a person’s blood, how much is taken up by cells for fuel, and how much is released from energy stores — was regarded as a conversation between a few key players: the pancreas, the liver, muscle and fat.

Now, however, the party is proving to be much louder and more complex than anyone had shown before.

New research suggests that a hormone from the skeleton, of all places, may influence how the body handles sugar. Mounting evidence also demonstrates that signals from the immune system, the brain and the gut play critical roles in controlling glucose and lipid metabolism. (The findings are mainly relevant to Type 2 diabetes, the more common kind, which comes on in adulthood.)

Focusing on the cross-talk between more different organs, cells and molecules represents a “very important change in our paradigm” for understanding how the body handles glucose, said Dr. C. Ronald Kahn, a diabetes researcher and professor at Harvard Medical School.

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Written by Leisureguy

15 October 2007 at 7:22 pm

Posted in Health, Medical, Science

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Free software for tracking blood glucose readings

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I didn’t know about these two programs until they were mentioned in the “general topics” forum of ShaveMyFace.com:  Bg Tracker and SugarStats. My endocrinologist is going to love this. 🙂

Written by Leisureguy

2 October 2007 at 5:24 pm

Posted in Daily life, Medical

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Vinegar for type 2 diabetes

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Interesting finding. I’m certainly going to give it a go.

 In a randomized, crossover, pilot study involving 11 subjects with non-insulin dependent type 2 diabetes (7 women, 4 men), consumption of 2 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar at bedtime was found to reduce morning fasting blood glucose concentrations. For three consecutive days, subjects kept track of their diets and measured their fasting glucose at 7:00am. Subjects were then randomized to receive either apple cider vinegar (2 tablespoons) and 1 ounce of cheese or water and 1 ounce of cheese, at bedtime. This was followed by a 3-5 day washout period after which subjects were crossed over to receive the other treatment. Subjects continued to take their usual prescription medications during the course of the intervention and they followed a standardized meal plan designed to reflect the individual’s typical diet. Results found that after consuming vinegar the night before, morning fasting blood glucose levels decreased by 0.15 mmol/L (2%) in the placebo group, compared to 0.26 mmol/L (4%) in the vinegar group. When the data was further analyzed, it was found that the beneficial effects of the vinegar were most effective for subjects with typical fasting glucose levels greater than 7.2 mmol/L, in which the reduction in FG was 6%. The results of this study suggest that, “vinegar ingestion at bedtime may favorably impact waking glucose concentrations in type 2 diabetics.” The authors conclude, “Investigations are needed to study the mechanisms by which vinegar alters postprandial glycemia and FG, and to examine the efficacy of vinegar ingestion in individuals with inadequately controlled diabetes.”

 “Vinegar Ingestion at Bedtime Moderates Waking Glucose Concentrations in Adults with Well-Controlled Type 2 Diabetes,” White AM, Johnston CS, et al, Diabetes Care, published ahead of print, published online August 21, 2007. (Address: Carol S. Johnston, PhD, 7001 East Williams Field Road, Mesa, AZ 85212, USA. E-mail: carol.johnston@asu.edu ).

Written by Leisureguy

1 October 2007 at 10:20 am

Posted in Food, Health, Science

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